Co-operative inquiry: A research policy method for secondary education in Nigeria
Keywords:co-researchers, co-subjects, participatory, policy, relationship
This article examines the level of research involvement among educational stakeholders in the process of educational policy-making and implementation in Nigeria. It attributes the transformational challenges confronting the secondary school system in Nigeria to the epistemological question: “What is the relationship between the knower or would-be knower and what can be known?” This is premised on the idea that the research process that led to the 6-3-3-4, or the “new” 9-3-4 system of education from the 6-5-2-3 system of education, did not involve the participants as co-researchers and co-subjects in their relationship. This article argues for co-operative inquiry as an alternative participatory, action research method for ameliorating these transformational challenges in the Nigerian secondary school system.
Abanobi, C. (2010, October 12). Jonathan goes back to school! … At national stakeholders’ summit in Abuja. Online Daily Sun.
Adesina, S. (1992). Foreword and keynote. In Ndu Alice (Ed.), Educational policy and
implementation in Nigeria (pp. 1-4). Awka.
Bello-Osagie, K., & Olugbamila, A. (2009, December 31). Events that shaped education in 2009. The Nation Newspaper, p. B2.
Carr, W., & Kemmis, S. (1986). Becoming critical. Falmer.
Corey, S. M. (1953). Action research to improve school practice. Teachers College, Columbia University.
Dewey, J. (2002). The educational situation. Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 17(2), 104-119.
Fafunwa, A. B. (1974). History of education in Nigeria. George Allen & Unwin.
Federal Republic of Nigeria. (2004). National policy on education (4th ed.).
Federal Republic of Nigeria. (2010, October 11). Monday bulletin. National Universities Commission, 5(41), 1-18.
Habermas, J. (1962/1989). The structural transformation of the public sphere: An inquiry into a category of bourgeois society. Polity.
Heron, J. (1971). Experience and method. University of Surrey.
Heron, J. (1996). Co-operative inquiry: Research into the human condition. Sage.
Heron, J. (1999). The complete facilitator’s handbook. Kogan Page.
Heron, J., & Reason, P. (1997). A participatory inquiry paradigm. Qualitative Inquiry, 3(3), 274-294.
Heron, J., & Reason, P. (2001). The practice of co-operative inquiry: Research “with” rather than “on” people. In P. Reason & H. Bradbury (Eds.), Handbook of action research (pp.179-188). Sage.
Kemmis, S., & McTaggart, R. (1988). The action research planner (2nd ed.). Deakin University Press.
Lewin, K. (1946). Action research and minority problems. Journal of Social Issues, 2(4), 34-46.
Ndeokwelu, C. (2010, October 12). Education: FG to set up task force. Online This Day.
Nigeria Resource Center. (2010, October 25). 6-3-3-4: Desecrating Fafunwa’s memory? The Nigerian Voice.
Oates, B. J. (2002). Co-operative inquiry: Reflections on practice. Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, 1(1), 27-37.
Reason, P. (1998). Co-operative inquiry as a discipline of professional practice. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 12(4), 419-436.
Reason, P. (1999). Integrating action and reflection through co-operative inquiry. Management Learning, 30(2), 207-226.
Reason, P., & Heron, J. (1999). A layperson’s guide to co-operative inquiry. Centre for Action Research in Professional Practice, School of Management, University of Bath.
Stenhouse, L. (1975). An introduction to curriculum research and development. Heinemann.
Stringer, E. (2004). Action research in education. Pearson/Merrill Prentice Hall.
Whitehead, J. (1985). An analysis of an individual’s educational development: The basis for personally oriented action research. In M. Shipman (Ed.), Educational research: Principles, policies and practices (pp. 97-108). Falmer.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 McGill Journal of Education / Revue des sciences de l'éducation de McGill
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Those wishing to reproduce all or part of any material published on this website are asked to email email@example.com for permission and to acknowledge the McGill Journal of Education as the original source.
Authors must transfer copyright of their article to MJE. Authors may use all or parts of their work in any future publication with the article's origin in MJE acknowledged in the customary manner.
A copy of our standard form may be requested from firstname.lastname@example.org